In 1985 Kroto et al. discovered a new variant of carbon. Up until that point, the most commonly known allotropes included graphene/graphite, amorphous carbon and diamond. The newly discovered form, called Carbon 60 (C60), was actually a molecule having the shape of a soccer ball (60 carbon atoms at the vertices, 20 hexagonal and 12 pentagonal sides). In 1996 these scientists were awarded the Nobel prize in chemistry for their discovery.
The discovery of C60 was the first nano-molecule to be discovered and launched the nano-materials industry. Nano materials/particles have unique physical and chemical properties differing from their bulk counterparts. Mathematical theory can define many different spherical surfaces of differing shapes/sizes by simply adjusting the number and placement of hexagonal/pentagonal segments. These shapes are known as Fullerenes, having been named after the famous architect Richard Buckminster Fuller. A C60 molecule is commonly referred to as a buckyball and its discovery stimulated a lot of research into, and the subsequent discovery of, many other new Fullerene molecules.
In 2012, Baati et al., released a paper detailing a C60 in olive oil toxicity study. Most of the C60 research up until then had focused on non-oil based solutions and various derivatives of C60. Olive oil was used because it has a higher C60 solubility than most other oils. The key finding in this work was that, contrary to being toxic, the mixture almost doubled a rats lifespan. They attributed this finding to the high antioxidant potential of C60. An alternate publication has measured the antioxidant potential to be 172 times that of vitamin C.
In 2013, Chistyakov et al., suggested that an additional mechanism was likely in play to get the extended lifespan observed in the Baati study. The mechanism that they proposed is as follows. Within our cells one can find mitochondria organelles which are key to cellular level energy production (i.e, ATP generation). On the down side, though, reactive oxygen species (ROS) are also created, are very destructive, and damage local DNA, lipids and proteins. This damage is referred to as oxidation. When C60 in an olive oil solution is consumed, something very interesting occurs. The C60 (having a slight positive charge) will position itself within the mitochondria in a way that reduces the amount of ROS and resultant oxidative damage. It’s important to note that C60 is not a drug, It is a natural substance that interacts with the body in a favorable manner Since C60 is a natural product, the pharmaceutical companies are unable to patent and profit from it. Their focus is limited to derivatives of C60 and using C60 as a carrier of other drugs. Some research on C60/oil mixtures has been undertaken but funding is coming from the general public or from private interests.
Some of the anecdotally reported benefits of taking C60 in olive oil include …
- more energy
- require less sleep
- improved memory and mental ability
- athletes can lift more weight, do more reps, run farther, more flexible
- increased libido
- harder nails, more youthful skin and hair growth
- faster sunburn recovery
- more calm, experience less stress
- higher alcohol tolerance
- better sense of smell, hearing and peripheral vision
The Longecity web site is also a good site for discussions relevant to this subject.